Top 10 Engineering Courses

Engineering is the study of scientific principles and mathematics to design and construct machines, building structures, roads, tunnels, automobiles, aircrafts, computer hardware and software and a lot more such things. It’s a very diverse subject and it has many branches or specializations like the oldest branches are Mechanical Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Electrical Engineering and Civil Engineering. Over the period of time with the advancement of science and technology and with new inventions this stream of engineering has split into several new branches like computer science engineering, aeronautical engineering, and automobiles engineering. This field has numerous branches and specializations but the top ten streams are enlisted below:

Top 10 Engineering Courses in India

  • 1. Computer Science and Engineering

    Computer Science Engineering is the study of the hardware parts of the Computer like the motherboard, Memory Devices, Processor and the study of all other equipment which are installed in the computer. Many students get confused in Computer Science Engineering and Computer Science as a subject. In computer science engineering we study about the designing and manufacturing of hardware parts whereas in Computer Science courses students have been taught about its software and applications. B-Tech is the main course for Engineering after 12th.

    Students who are interested in Engineering should have studied Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as the core subjects in the syllabus of their 12th class. Students have to clear the entrance exam to get admission in B-Tech. JEE Main is the main entrance exam to get admission in engineering colleges in B-Tech courses in India. 

  • 2. Electronics and Communication Engineering

    Electronic and Communication Engineering is an offshoot or branch of Electrical Engineering only but this course is specialized in teaching about developing science and technology for electronic equipment which are used for communication purposes like radio, television, and all other instruments required for information, communication and broadcasting purposes.

    Students who are interested to know how to develop electronic devices for communication and what is the science behind it then B-Tech in Electronics and Communication is the Course for you. 

  • 3. Mechanical Engineering

    Mechanical Engineering in one of the oldest branches of Engineering. It was developed after the Industrial Revolution. The Industrial Revolution increased the demands of machinery for production of goods in industries. Mechanical engineering is based on the science of mechanics, dynamics, thermodynamics, material science, power and electricity and all other principles of science required for the design, production and functioning of machines.

    How a machine is constructed and how it works students learns all the principles of science and technology required for the construction and functioning of the machines. Physics, Chemistry, and Maths plays a major role in Mechanical Engineering. Students can do B-Tech in Mechanical Engineering. 

  • 4. Electrical Engineering

    Electrical Engineering is the study of the designing, manufacturing and functioning of electrical appliances. An appliance that uses electricity comes under the science of electrical engineering. Whether it’s a power plant, electric machines in any industry or computer hardware, telephones, mobiles, robotic science, nanotechnology or any other branch of electronics it all comes under Electrical Engineering. Electrical Engineering is one of the oldest branches of Engineering. It has many subfields or specializations. Students can do B-Tech in Electrical Engineering after 12th. Physics, Chemistry, Maths are mandatory subjects in 12th standard to apply for the entrance of Electrical Engineering.

  • 5. Civil Engineering

    Civil Engineering is also one of the oldest branches of Engineering. It includes the construction works or infrastructural works of the society like construction of buildings, roads, tunnels, railways, airports. Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry plays a major role in construction of buildings and houses. Civil Engineers have good job opportunities in both government and private sectors. Students can do B-Tech in Civil Engineering after 12th. Physics, Chemistry, and Maths are mandatory subjects in class 12th to apply for the entrance examination of Civil Engineering.

  • 6. Chemical Engineering

    Chemical Engineering is the study of designing, construction and plantation and management of Chemical plants in the society. Chemical Engineers should have a good knowledge of all the four subjects Chemistry, Physics, Maths and Biology. Any negligence or mistake in a Chemical Plant can lead to a serious disaster like Bhopal Gas Tragedy.

    In Chemical Engineering raw materials are used for the production of chemicals like petrochemicals, pharmaceutical industries, plastics and other such chemical products. Apart from production, Chemical Engineers also have to look after the waste management. Students can do B-Tech in Chemical Engineering. To apply for the entrance exams, he/she should have studied Chemistry, Physics, Maths and Biology as mandatory subjects in 12th standard.

  • 7. Biochemical Engineering

    Biochemical Engineering is a subfield of Chemical Engineering only. In Biochemical Engineering we more particularly deal with design, construction, management of plants that involve biological organisms and organic molecules. Biofuels, food processing, pharmaceuticals, biotechnology and water treatment plants all come under the Biochemical Engineering. A good knowledge of biology and chemistry is must to do good in this area. Students can pursue B-Tech in Biochemical Engineering after 12th

  • 8. Aerospace Engineering

    Aeronautical Engineering is the science of constructing and flying aircrafts and spacecrafts. It has two overlapping branches aeronautical engineering and astronautical engineering. Aeronautical engineering is the study of constructing and flying aircraft within the earth’s atmosphere but astronautical science is about developing satellites and spacecraft that travel beyond the earth’s atmosphere. To be an Aerospace Engineer student should have excellent knowledge of Physics and Mathematics. Mathematics and Physics are the key subjects of Aerospace Engineering. Aerospace engineering is considered as the toughest branch of Engineering courses. There are many institutes that offer B-Tech courses in Aerospace Engineering like Indian Institute of Technology (IIT). ISRO, HAL, NAL, DRDO are the top institutions of India that hire Aerospace Engineers. And if you are dreaming to work in NASA then also this course could be a stepping stone or a platform towards your dream. Students can apply for JEE Mains if they are interested in Aerospace engineering. However, there are many other institutes as well that offer courses on Aerospace Engineering in India and abroad.

  • 9. Biotechnology Engineering

    Biotechnology Engineering is a new branch of engineering which is based on applied biology and chemistry. The most important subject of Biotechnology is Genetic Engineering. Biotech Engineers use living organisms and do research on them for their development and advancement in life. By using techniques of artificial selection and artificial insemination and by modifying the genetic structure new spices are created in living organisms and plant varieties like BT Brinjal. Students who are interested in Biotechnology Engineering should have a good knowledge of Biology and Chemistry. There are many institutes that offer B-Tech in Biotechnology Engineering. 

  • 10.  Automobile Engineering

    Automobile Engineering is the science of manufacturing automobiles like cars, motorcycles, trucks and buses etc. Mechanical engineering, electrical engineering also plays a significant role in automobile engineering. It’s a new branch of engineering and students find its very lucrative and interesting area to work. There are many institutes that offer Automobile Engineering in India. 

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